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Easy To Understand Docker

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Learn all about the Docker

Throughout this article, we will explain Docker in an easier way.

What is Docker?

Open source software platform Docker delivers an environment for creating, deploying, and managing virtualized application containers on a common operating system (OS) with an ecosystem of allied tools. Developers can build lightweight and portable software containers with Docker to simplify application development, testing, and deployment. Using OS-level virtualization, it enables software packages called containers to be delivered over the internet through a set of platform as a service products. A container is isolated from one another and bundles its own software, libraries, and configuration files. It can communicate with other containers through defined channels.

What it can do?

It is possible for Docker to package an application and its dependencies into a virtual container that runs on Linux, Windows, and macOS computers. It provides the ability to run the application on-premises, in a public cloud, or even in a private cloud. Using Linux’s resource isolation features (cgroups and kernel namespaces) along with a union-aware file system (such as OverlayFS), Docker allows containers to run within a single Linux instance with no overhead associated with starting and maintaining virtual machines. On macOS, Docker uses a Linux virtual machine to run the containers.
A single server or virtual machine can run several Docker containers at the same time thanks to Docker’s lightweight design. An analysis conducted in 2018 found that a typical Docker use case involves running eight containers per host, and a quarter of analyzed organizations run 18 or more containers per host.
By implementing a high-level API, Docker provides lightweight containers, which run processes in isolation. As Docker containers are standard processes, it is possible to use kernel features to monitor their execution, including Interfering with system calls using strace.

What is a container?

An application container is a standard unit of software that packages up code, as well as its dependencies, so that it can run reliably from one environment to another. In Docker, a container image is a lightweight executable package that contains all the components necessary to run an application, including code, runtimes, system tools, libraries, and settings. A container image becomes a container during runtime, and for Docker containers, images become containers upon execution on Docker Engine. Whether on Linux or Windows, containerized software will always run the same, regardless of the infrastructure. In a container, software is isolated from its environment and is always operational regardless of whether it is development or staging.

TBased on Docker Engine, there are three types of Docker containers:

Standard: With Docker, containers became portable anywhere, establishing an industry standard.
Lightweight: By sharing the machine’s OS system kernel, containers do not require an OS per application, resulting in higher server efficiency and lower server and licensing costs.
Secure: It is safer to run applications in containers and Docker is industry-leading in isolation by default.

Components Tools

Three components of Docker’s software as a service are:
Software: Dockerd, the Docker daemon, is a persistent process that manages Docker containers and manages container objects. Requests are received via the Docker Engine API by the daemon. CLI, the command-line interface provided by the Docker client program, allows users to interact with Docker daemons.


1. An application in Docker is composed of various Docker objects. Containers, images, and services are the three most common Docker objects.
2. Docker containers are encapsulated environments designed to run applications. Docker API or Docker CLI are used to manage containers.
3. Docker images are read-only templates used to build containers. In order to store and ship applications, images are needed.
4. Containers can be scaled across multiple Docker daemons using Docker services. The result is a set of cooperating daemons that communicate through the Docker API, called a swarm.
Registries: An image repository for Docker is called a Docker registry. Clients of Docker can download (“pull”) images from registries for use, or upload (“push”) their own images. Public and private registries both exist. Docker Hub and Docker Cloud are the two main public registries. A Docker Hub registry is Docker’s default repository for images. In addition to notifications, Docker registries permit the creation of events-based notifications.
We hope this article gave you a better understanding of Docker. 

Compared to other containerization systems

Docker is not the only containerization system available. Other containerization systems include LXC, Kubernetes, and OpenVZ. While each method has advantages, Docker has become the most popular containerization system for several reasons.

An undeniable advantage of Docker is its superb portability. With Docker, containers can be efficiently executed on any platform that supports Docker, including Linux, Windows, and macOS. This makes it easy to develop and deploy applications across different environments.

In addition to container management, Docker offers a variety of tools and services that facilitate the management of containers on a larger scale. These tools include Docker Compose for managing multi-container applications, Docker Swarm for container orchestration, and Docker Hub for sharing and distributing Docker images.

Use cases of Docker

Docker is used in a wide range of applications, including:

  1. Application development: Developers use Docker to build, test, and deploy applications in a containerized environment. This approach streamlines developing and deploying applications across various domains, ensuring consistency.
  2. Microservices architecture: Docker is often used to implement microservices architecture, where applications are broken down into small, modular components that can be independently deployed and managed.
  3. DevOps: Docker is used in DevOps workflows to enable continuous integration and continuous deployment (CI/CD) pipelines. Containers can create consistent build and deployment environments, making deploying applications quickly and reliably easier.
  4. Cloud computing: Docker is used in cloud computing environments to enable the deployment and scaling of applications on cloud platforms, such as Amazon Web Services (AWS) and Google Cloud Platform (GCP).

Features of Docker

Some of the critical elements of Docker include:

  1. Containerization: Docker enables the creation of lightweight and portable containers that can be run consistently across different environments.
  2. Image management: Docker provides a way to manage Docker images used to create containers. Photos can be shared and distributed through Docker Hub, a centralized repository for Docker images.
  3. Network management: Docker provides a way to manage network connections between containers, enabling communication between different containers.
  4. Volume management: Docker provides a way to manage data volumes, which can be used to persist data between container restarts.

Advantages of Docker

Some of the benefits of using Docker include:

  1. Portability: Docker containers can be run on any platform that supports Docker, making it easy to develop and deploy applications across different environments.
  2. Efficiency: Docker containers are lightweight and efficient, enabling applications to be run more efficiently and with lower resource usage.
  3. Scalability: Docker enables applications to be easily scaled up or down, depending on demand.
  4. Consistency: Docker enables applications to be developed and deployed consistently across different environments, ensuring that they behave the same way in production as in development.

Disadvantages of Docker

Some of the disadvantages of using Docker include:

  1. Complexity: Docker can be complex to set up and manage, particularly for less experienced users.
  2. Security: Docker containers share the same kernel as the host system, which can potentially create security vulnerabilities.
  3. Compatibility: Docker containers may not be compatible with all applications, particularly those that require specific kernel modules or system configurations.

Alternative options besides Docker

While Docker is the most popular containerization system, several alternative options are available. Some of these options include:

  1. LXC: LXC is a lightweight virtualization technology that can run multiple isolated Linux systems on a single host. LXC is similar to Docker in that it provides containerization but is typically used for running system-level services rather than applications.
  2. Kubernetes: Kubernetes is a container orchestration platform that enables the deployment, scaling, and management of containerized applications. Kubernetes is more complex than Docker but provides more advanced features for managing containerized applications at scale.
  3. OpenVZ: OpenVZ is a containerization platform with features similar to Docker, including lightweight containers and image management. OpenVZ is typically used for running system-level services rather than applications.


Docker is a powerful containerization platform that provides a way to package, deploy, and run highly portable and efficient applications. While other containerization systems are available, Docker has become the most popular option due to its portability, rich ecosystem of tools, and wide range of use cases.

When using Docker, it is essential to consider the advantages and disadvantages and any alternative options that may be better suited for your specific needs. With the right approach and tools, Docker can provide a powerful and efficient way to develop and deploy applications at scale.


Docker is a containerization platform that enables developers to package, deploy, and run applications in isolated environments known as containers.

Docker uses a client-server architecture, where the Docker client communicates with the Docker daemon to build, run, and manage containers. Containers are built using Docker images, which are snapshots of a file system that contain everything needed to run an application, including the code, dependencies, and system libraries.

Docker provides several benefits, including improved portability, scalability, and efficiency. By packaging applications in containers, developers can ensure they run consistently across different environments and quickly move them between development, testing, and production environments. Docker also enables developers to run multiple instances of an application on a single host, which can help to optimize resource usage and reduce infrastructure costs.

 Docker is used in many use cases, including web development, microservices architecture, continuous integration and deployment, and cloud computing. Docker is also commonly used to build and run applications in production environments, enabling developers to quickly and easily deploy applications to various infrastructure providers and platforms.

 While Docker provides several benefits, it can also be complex to set up and manage, particularly for larger applications. Docker also requires expertise to use effectively and may only be the best choice for some use cases. Additionally, some organizations may have concerns about security and isolation when running applications in containers.

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