Best Ways to Secure Your Windows Server
A vital aspect of any Windows server environment is the fact that it is safe from threats.
In this tutorial you will be guided on some best practices for securing your Windows server.
To protect your Windows Server from intrusion, you should implement basic security procedures when setting it up. An intrusion could be attempted on any server connected to or operating over a public network.
The following tips will help you secure your Windows server:
1. Keep Windows Updated
The Windows operating system requires updates in order to patch newly discovered vulnerabilities, improve the security of Windows Defender, and safeguard Office.
During a Windows update, what happens?
With Windows Update Orchestrator, updates are checked, downloaded, and installed automatically and quietly in the background. Depending on your settings, the program does this in the background without affecting the performance of your computer.
How does a Windows server perform if it isn’t updated?
You will feel fine at first, but gradually, support will cease, and the software updates won’t support the older version. It won’t take long for you to feel the pressure.
2. Disable unnecessary network ports and services
The theft of computers is common because people exploit security holes in their programs. There is a port at the beginning and end of every network connection. An operating system manages the ports of the computer and many of them are software-based. Every port has a specific function or service associated with it.
In addition to using the services on your computer, other people may be able to hack into, or control your computer through them as long as you have more running services on it.
1. Prevent unauthorized access by disabling unused network services (Bluetooth, wifi, etc).
2. Check to see if all non-functional ports are protected properly by running a port scan.
3. Make sure only those network ports are enabled that the operating system uses.
3. Use Windows BitLocker Drive Encryption
BitLocker can encrypt your entire drive as well as protect your system from unauthorized changes, such as firmware-level malware.
With BitLocker Drive Encryption, data can be protected when computers are lost, stolen, or decommissioned inappropriately. It integrates with the operating system and eliminates threats of data theft.
4. Set Firewall Rules
Firewall solutions are embedded in the majority of current Windows operating systems as part of Windows Firewall. A Windows Firewall filters the data that comes from the Internet and prevents potentially harmful programs from running on your computer.
A firewall rule examines the control information in individual packets, and either blocks them or allows them based on the criteria you specify. Policies can be assigned firewall rules or computers can be assigned firewall rules directly.
To ensure your applications continue to work, ensure your common ports such as 3389 for remote desktop access and port 80 for web traffic are open as required.
5. Creating a Strong Password Policies
Password policies protect against a variety of attacks, which is why they are so important. In other words, a strong password is one that is difficult for a person or program to guess. The purpose of a password is to ensure that only authorized users can access resources, so a password that is easy to guess poses a security risk.
Additionally, only give users the admin access level they need in order to access the server. It is dangerous to give admin access to multiple people who do not need it.
It is important to understand the criteria to make a strong password so you can create one. Basically, these criteria consist of the following:
1. A good password must contain at least 8 characters.
2. Specifically, it cannot contain your username, real name or your company name. It must be very unique.
3. There should not be any words that have been spelled completely.
4. A good password should contain upper- and lower-case letters, numbers, as well as characters.
6. Disable File Sharing
If you turn off file sharing, no one will be able to access your computer’s files over the network you are connected to. This makes your computer more secure.
7. Backup Your Server
Backups of your server need to be carried out on a regular basis. You can avoid data loss if you back up your server data. Ensure that the backups are working correctly and on a regular basis.
If you lose your digital information such as classified documents for your business or family treasured photos, a data backup allows you to restore your device quickly and seamlessly.
You can benefit from this feature by enabling it on your server. A few benefits are listed below:
1. Fast access to your files.
2. Power failure protection.
3. Added protection against viruses.
4. Protection from a failed hard drive.
5. In case of failure of the operating system, recovery is possible.
Microsoft Windows Server security can be achieved in a variety of ways. There are many other things to consider besides those we discussed, so we have only touched on some of the most important ones.
It is our goal to provide you with the best ways to secure your windows-based server, and we hope that this article has provided you with more information.
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