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Oct 1, 2017

How to Install Flarum in Ubuntu 14.04 VPS

In this article, we will explain to you How to Install Flarum on Ubuntu 14.04 VPS.

Flarum is free, open-source forum software with a focus on simplicity. You can use Flarum to easily set up a discussion forum for your website.Flarum may be minimalistic, but it’s also highly extensible. In fact, most of the features that ship with Flarum are actually Extensions! This approach makes Flarum extremely customizable. A user can disable any features they don’t use on their forum and install other Extensions to make a forum perfect for their use-case. You will need one VPS Server with Ubuntu 14.04 OS installed on it. To install Flarum you need to have root access. Update your server system. sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get -y upgrade After, install the packages that Flarum require. sudo apt-get install software-properties-common git nano

Install MySQL Server

Now you need to install MariaDB server. To install it run these commands one by one: sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 0xcbcb082a1bb943db Add MariaDB repository: sudo add-apt-repository 'deb http://ftp.osuosl.org/pub/mariadb/repo/10.0/ubuntu trusty main' Update the system: sudo apt-get update And install it: sudo apt-get install -y mariadb-server Now secure your MySQL installation by running this command: mysql_secure_installation After, create a new database for Flarum. mysql -u root -p CREATE DATABASE flarum; GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON flarum.* TO 'flarum'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'yourpassword'; FLUSH PRIVILEGES; quit

Install PHP 7.0

Now install PHP 7.0 and required modules. sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:ondrej/php-7.0 Update your server system. sudo apt-get update And install PHP and required PHP modules. sudo apt-get -y install php7.0-fpm php7.0-cli php7.0-gd php7.0-mysql php7.0-mcrypt php-pear php7.0-curl After installing, run those commands to install composer. curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | php sudo mv composer.phar /usr/local/bin/composer

Install Flarum

Now it’s time to install Flarum. First, create root directory for Flarum mkdir -p ~/myFlarum.org/public_html Run the composer to create a new Flarum installation composer create-project flarum/flarum ~/myFlarum.org/public_html --stability=beta Now create a new file for your user Notice: Do not forget to change your_username with your preferred username sudo nano /etc/php/7.0/fpm/pool.d/your_user.conf And add the lines [your_user] user = your_user group = your_user listen = /var/run/php-fpm-your_user.sock listen.owner = your_user listen.group = your_user listen.mode = 0666 pm = ondemand pm.max_children = 5 pm.process_idle_timeout = 10s pm.max_requests = 200 chdir = / Save the changes and restart PHP-FPM sudo service php7.0-fpm restart

Install Nginx

Now you need to install Nginx. To install it first add nginx repository sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:nginx/stable Update the system: sudo apt-get update And install it: sudo apt-get -y install nginx

Generate SSL certificate

After, generate a self-signed SSL certificate: Run commands one by one. Create SSL directory in nginx and go into the directory: sudo mkdir -p /etc/nginx/ssl cd /etc/nginx/ssl After this generate signed SSL certificate: sudo openssl genrsa -des3 -passout pass:x -out flarum.pass.key 2048 In next: sudo openssl rsa -passin pass:x -in flarum.pass.key -out flarum.key After, remove flarum.pass.key sudo rm flarum.pass.key Create a new flarum key sudo openssl req -new -key flarum.key -out flarum.csr And finish it by running this command: sudo openssl x509 -req -days 365 -in flarum.csr -signkey flarum.key -out flarum.crt Next, you need to create Nginx block. sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/myFlarum.org After, add lines:
server { listen 443; server_name myFlarum.org; index root /home/your_user/myFlarum.org/public_html; ssl on; ssl_certificate /etc/nginx/ssl/flarum.crt; ssl_certificate_key /etc/nginx/ssl/flarum.key; ssl_session_timeout 5m; ssl_ciphers ‘AES128+EECDH:AES128+EDH:!aNULL’; ssl_protocols TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2; ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on; access_log /var/log/nginx/flarum.access.log; error_log /var/log/nginx/flarum.error.log; location / { try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$query_string; } location /api { try_files $uri $uri/ /api.php?$query_string; } location /admin { try_files $uri $uri/ /admin.php?$query_string; } location /flarum { deny all; return 404; } location ~* \.html$ { expires -1; } location ~* \.(css|js|gif|jpe?g|png)$ { expires 1M; add_header Pragma public; add_header Cache-Control “public, must-revalidate, proxy-revalidate”; } location ~ \.php$ { fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.+)$; fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php-fpm-your_user.sock; fastcgi_index index.php; include fastcgi_params; fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name; fastcgi_intercept_errors off; fastcgi_buffer_size 16k; fastcgi_buffers 4 16k; } location ~ /\.ht { deny all; } } server { listen 80; server_name myFlarum.org; add_header Strict-Transport-Security max-age=2592000; rewrite ^ https://$server_name$request_uri? permanent; }
Notice: Change your_user with your real username. Now enable the Nginx block that you created. sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/myFlarum.org /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/myFlarum.org Restart the Nginx: sudo service nginx restart Open your server like https://yourdomain.com or https://yourIPadress in the preferred web browser. Follow the wizard installation and setup the database in the wizard. Now you have successfully installed Flarum in Ubuntu 14.04. Enjoy! Flarum - Interface

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