What is edge computing

edge computing

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What is Edge Computing?


The term “edge” is a reference to geographic distribution. Instead of relying on the cloud for all work Edge computing is done in situ, close to or at the data source. Edge computing or computing on the edge of the data stream is a distributed computing paradigm which brings computation as well as data storage closer to data sources. The speed of response and bandwidth are expected to rise as a consequence. It’s not a tech It’s an architecture. As opposed to other forms computer networks, this form is topology and location-sensitive. The data is exchanged and received at the edge of the system, which is which is where edge computing happens. The design reduces latency and delay, which allows for quicker processing. Through enabling faster responses to user actions and data that is at the edge, programs and applications can boost overall performance and the user experience.

Edge Computing uses the untapped computational power on Edge nodes, which include routers, stations, and switches to shift some of the computation to the edges instead of relying on central servers to do this.

Why edge computing?

Enterprise-grade applications run faster and more efficiently on edge computing than on traditional computing methods. There were times when edge points generated large amounts of data that went unused. The Internet of Things (IoT) and mobile computing have allowed IT architecture to be decentralized, allowing organizations to gain near real-time insights with less latency, lower cloud server bandwidth demands, and better security. The use of edge computing by businesses enables workers to access the data they need more quickly to perform their job duties. Also, workers have access to the equipment they need, without interruptions or errors that can easily be prevented in smart workplaces with automation and predictive maintenance. 

In edge computing, large amounts of data are analyzed rapidly at or near the location where the data is collected, so enterprises can optimize daily operations. It is an easier way to process collected data than to send it to a centralized cloud or a primary datacenter several time zones away, which would cause too much network lag and performance problems. 

There are various types of computing tasks, and an architecture that is suitable for one type of computing task might not be suitable for another type of computing task. Using edge computing to deploy compute and storage resources closer to the point of data source has developed into a viable and important architecture that supports distributed computing. Generally, distributed computing models are not new, and concepts like remote offices, branch offices, data center colocation, and cloud computing are well established. This short explanation of edge computing gives you a good idea of its importance now.


Which are the major use cases for edge computing?


A hybrid computing model can be augmented with edge computing to accomplish the following:

  • Monitoring of hospitalized patients.
  • Smart cities
  • Cloud gaming
  • Virtualised radio networks and 5G
  • Coordinating operations across geographies
  • Autonomous vehicles
  • Augmented reality/virtual reality

Edge computing offers the benefit of optimizing resources. A minimal amount of bandwidth is used by deploying only those services and functionality required to resolve an issue. In case of a data center or cloud failure, the service will still operate and maintain remote resilience.



It is now time to examine some advantages and disadvantages of Egde computing.

Benefits of edge computing


With the rise of 5G networks around the country and the world, edge computing is in many ways the next evolution of cloud computing. The IT infrastructure needed in previous generations is no longer necessary for companies to harness comprehensive data analysis. Furthermore, edge computing can be used in numerous ways, including to monitor security and health, to conduct self-driving vehicle trials, and to enhance customer service.


Reliable and resilient: With edge computing, data can still be fetched and processed with little or no hindrances, even when there is a poor internet connectivity issue.


Savings on IT costs: By handling data locally rather than in the cloud, edge computing helps businesses save on IT expenses. By eliminating unnecessary data at or near the point of collection, edge computing lowers companies’ cloud processing and storage costs.


Autonomy: Edge computing is useful where connectivity is unreliable or bandwidth is restricted because of the site’s environmental characteristics.


Reduced operational costs: Businesses spend a great deal of money moving data around on cloud hosting services. These centralized hosting providers charge more for moving more data, so the more data they move, the more money they spend.


Edge Security: Edge computing presents a unique opportunity for security implementation and assurance. Data security and safety remain concerns for enterprises, even as cloud providers provide IoT services and specialize in complex analysis.


Faster response times: Companies can process data more quickly and reliably through bypassing centralized cloud and datacenter locations. When sending information from thousands of sensors, cameras, or other smart devices simultaneously to a central office, latency, network bottlenecks, and diminished data quality are likely to occur.



Deficiencies of edge computing

In spite of the fact that edge computing offers many benefits, such as processing data close to the source, it also creates a number of challenges for the network as well.



Less robust infrastructure: Data Centers without complete infrastructure usually need to overcome some technical challenges because they lack the complete infrastructure of Core Data Centers.


The limit of capability: In addition to the variety and scale of resources and services offered by cloud computing, edge computing has its own limitations. While deploying infrastructure at the edge can be effective, it must be clearly defined what it will do and how it will work. Even an extensive edge computing deployment will serve a specific purpose at a predetermined scale using a limited number of resources.


Complexity: It is much more complex to build a distributed system than to build a centralized Cloud architecture. There are a variety of interfaces available to communicate between different components of an edge computing environment that uses new technologies, and they are produced by different manufacturers.


The purpose of this article is to introduce what is edge computing, why it is important, and some of the advantages and disadvantages of edge computing. 





Hopefully you now understand what edge computing is and whether it is right for your organization. Let us know what you think about this.

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