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How To Install HAproxy on Debian 12

Table of Contents

HAproxy, a powerful and flexible open-source solution, stands as a beacon in this realm, offering robust load balancing capabilities for web applications. In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through the step-by-step process of installing HAproxy on Debian 12, a popular Linux distribution known for its stability and security features. Whether you’re a seasoned sysadmin or a newcomer to server management, this tutorial will equip you with the knowledge and skills needed to set up HAproxy and leverage its capabilities to enhance the performance and resilience of your infrastructure.

To begin, ensure you’ve established a VPSie Account if you haven’t yet. Then, move forward by deploying the Debian 12 server tailored to meet your exact requirements.


Once the server is deployed, SSH into the command line interface. Before installing any packages, it’s essential to update your system’s package list to ensure you have access to the latest versions. Open a terminal and run the following command:

sudo apt-get update -y

Configure Backend Servers

Install the Apache package on both backend servers using the following command:

apt-get install apache2 -y


To create a sample Apache index page with the content “VPSie-Server-1/2”, you can use the following command. This command will create the file /var/www/html/index.html and insert the specified content:


On Backend-server-1:

echo "<H1>VPSie-Server-1</H1>" | tee /var/www/html/index.html


On Backend-server-2:

echo "<H1>VPSie-Server-2</H1>" | tee /var/www/html/index.html


After completion, enter the IP of your Backend Servers into your web browser’s address bar to verify if the Apache web server page is displaying.


Install HAProxy

HAProxy comes pre-installed in the Debian 12 default repository. You can easily install it by executing the following command:

apt-get install haproxy -y


After installing HAProxy, initiate the HAProxy service and configure it to launch automatically upon system reboot.

systemctl start haproxy
systemctl enable haproxy


Configure HAProxy

Now you’ll have to modify the HAProxy default configuration file and specify the backend web servers.

nano /etc/haproxy/haproxy.cfg


Please include the following lines:

frontend apache_front
        bind *:80
        default_backend    apache_backend_servers
        option             forwardfor
# Define backend
backend apache_backend_servers                                                                                          
        balance            roundrobin
        server             backend01 Backend-server1-IP:80 check
        server             backend02 Backend-server2-IP:80 check



Please ensure to replace the Backend-server-IP with your backend server IPs. Afterwards, save and close the file.



Please initiate a restart of the HAProxy service to implement the modifications.

systemctl restart haproxy



Run the following command to check the status of the HAProxy:

systemctl status haproxy


Verify HAProxy

Let’s put our creation to the test! Simply open your web browser and enter the URL http://your-haproxy-ip. You’ll observe HAProxy sequentially routing requests to backend servers with each page refresh.


In conclusion, installing HAProxy on Debian 12 is a straightforward process. By following the steps outlined in this article, you can successfully set up HAProxy to efficiently manage and distribute incoming traffic to your backend servers. Whether you’re deploying a small-scale web application or managing a large-scale infrastructure, HAProxy offers powerful load balancing capabilities that can help optimize your server environment. With its robust features and flexibility, HAProxy is an excellent choice for ensuring high availability and seamless traffic management on your Debian 12 system.

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