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How to Install OpenCart on Ubuntu 22.04

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Embarking on the journey of creating your own online store can be an exciting endeavor, but it often begins with the foundational step of setting up a robust e-commerce platform. OpenCart stands as one of the leading solutions in this realm, renowned for its user-friendly interface and extensive customization options. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll walk you through the step-by-step process of installing OpenCart on the latest iteration of Ubuntu, version 22.04. By the end of this tutorial, you’ll have a fully functional OpenCart instance ready to power your online business ventures.


First, let’s begin by creating your VPSie Account if you haven’t already done so, and then proceed to install the Ubuntu 22.04 server as per your requirements.


To initiate the installation, please SSH into your system. Our first step is to advise updating your system prior to installing any software. To accomplish this, kindly execute the following commands:

sudo apt-get update

Install Apache webserver


The Apache HTTP Server is a free and open-source cross-platform web server. You can install it via apt package manager by executing the following command.

sudo apt install apache2


You can initiate the Apache service and set it to automatically run on startup with the following commands:

sudo systemctl start apache2
sudo systemctl enable apache2


Verify the status of the Apache service.

sudo systemctl status apache2

Install PHP


To set up PHP and additional PHP modules necessary for OpenCart support, execute the given command:

sudo apt-get install php php-cli libapache2-mod-php php-common php-mbstring php-gd php-intl php-xml php-mysql php-zip php-curl php-xmlrpc


Verify if PHP is installed.

php -v

Install MariaDB and create a database

To initiate the installation of MariaDB, execute the following command:

sudo apt install mariadb-server mariadb-client


Verify the status of the MariaDB service.

sudo systemctl status mariadb


By default, MariaDB is not hardened. You can secure MariaDB using the mysql_secure_installation script.

sudo mysql_secure_installation


Configure it like this:


Set root password? [Y/n] Y
Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] Y
Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] Y
Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] Y
Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] Y


Now run the command below to log in to the MariaDB shell.

sudo mysql -u root -p


Once you are logged in to your database server you need to create a database for the OpenCart installation:

MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE opencart;
MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE USER 'opencart'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'Your Password';
MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON opencart . * TO 'opencart'@'localhost';
MariaDB [(none)]> exit;

SetUp OpenCart

You can download the latest version of OpenCart from the Git repository using the following command:

sudo wget


Unpack the file into the directory /var/www/html/opencart/ using the following command:

sudo apt -y install unzip 
sudo unzip -d /var/www/html/opencart/


Copy OpenCart configuration files:

sudo cp /var/www/html/opencart/upload/{config-dist.php,config.php}
sudo cp /var/www/html/opencart/upload/admin/{config-dist.php,config.php}


Enable permission for the Apache webserver user to access the files:

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/opencart/

Create Virtualhost for Opencart

Create an virtual host configuration file to host OpenCart:

sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/opencart.conf

Paste the content as shown below:

<VirtualHost *:80>
    ServerAdmin [email protected]
    DocumentRoot /var/www/html/opencart/upload/

    <Directory /var/www/html/opencart/upload/>
        Options FollowSymLinks
        AllowOverride All
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from all

    ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/
    CustomLog /var/log/apache2/ common

Remember to replace with your domain name if you have one Save and exit the configuration file.

Now, Change to Apache configs directory:

cd /etc/apache2/sites-available/

Enable the opencart virtual host:

sudo a2ensite opencart.conf

Now rewrite the module.

a2enmod rewrite

Disable Apache default configuration file.

sudo a2dissite 000-default.conf

Enable Apache rewrite mode.

sudo a2enmod rewrite

Restart the Apache web server.

systemctl restart apache2

Access OpenCart Web Interface

Now, please launch your web browser and navigate to the Opencart web UI by entering the URL http://{your-domain} or if you don’t have domain simply using your server’s IP address. Upon doing so, you should be directed to the following page.

On the initial page, you’ll encounter the license agreement. Simply scroll down and hit Continue to proceed.

Ensure that all necessary PHP extensions are installed before proceeding by clicking the Continue button.

Enter the details you defined in the MariaDB database and click Continue.

To access the administration panel, click the Login to your Administration button. This will direct you to the login page.


Enter your admin username and password, then click the Login button. You’ll then be able to view your administration panel.

In wrapping up, this article has provided a clear and concise guide on installing OpenCart on Ubuntu 22.04. By following these steps, you can swiftly set up your e-commerce platform and begin your online business journey. With OpenCart’s user-friendly interface and Ubuntu’s reliability, you’re well-equipped to create and manage your online store efficiently. So, roll up your sleeves and get ready to unleash your products to the digital market. Happy selling!

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