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How to Install ownCloud Server on Debian 12

Table of Contents

ownCloud on Debian 12


Unlock Seamless Collaboration: A Comprehensive Guide to Installing ownCloud Server on Debian 12. Follow our step-by-step instructions for a secure and efficient file-sharing solution tailored to your Debian 12 environment. Empower your team’s productivity today.




Before you begin the installation process, ensure you have the following:


  • Machine running Debian 12.
  • User account with sudo privileges.


Before installing any new software, it’s a good practice to update the system packages to their latest versions. Open a terminal and run the following commands:

sudo apt update -y

Install Apache Web Server

Execute the command below to install Apache web server on Debian 12:
apt install apache2

After completing the installation, Apache is initiated and set to run automatically on system boot. To verify the status, use the following command:

systemctl status apache2
If Apache service is neither initiated nor set to run on system boot, execute the following command to initiate it:
systemctl enable --now apache2
To confirm the successful installation of Apache, attempt accessing it through your browser using the following address, http://server-IP. If Apache is properly installed and operational, you should encounter the Apache2 Test page.
Apache test page


Install MariaDB


MariaDB comes preloaded in Debian 12’s default repositories, simplifying the installation process. Execute the provided command to effortlessly install MariaDB:

sudo apt install mariadb-server
Upon completing the installation, initiate the MariaDB service and configure it for automatic startup during boot by executing the provided commands:
sudo systemctl start mariadb
sudo systemctl enable mariadb

You can verify that MariaDB is running with this command:

sudo systemctl status mariadb


Install PHP


Debian 12 comes with PHP 8.2 in its default repositories. However, ownCloud currently supports only up to PHP 7.4 LTS, despite its end-of-life status. 


Consequently, it’s essential to install PHP 7.4 and the necessary modules for optimal ownCloud functionality.


Install SURY APT Repository


To set up PHP 7.x/8.0/8.1 on Debian 12, the process involves installing SURY a third-party repository that supplies PHP packages. Follow the steps below to proceed:

apt update
apt -y install apt-transport-https lsb-release ca-certificates curl wget gnupg2
wget -qO- | \
gpg --dearmor > /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/sury-php-x.x.gpg
sh -c 'echo "deb $(lsb_release -sc) main" \
> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/php.list'


Re-synchronize your system packages to the latest versions:

apt update

Install PHP 7.x


PHP 7.x is now available for installation:

apt-cache policy php7.4
Run the following command to do the installation of PHP 7.4
apt install php7.4
To configure modules, execute (substitute EXTENSION with the corresponding PHP module):
apt install php7.4-EXNTENSION
Install extra PHP modules:
apt install libapache2-mod-php7.4 php7.4-{mysql,intl,curl,gd,xml,mbstring,zip} -y

Install ownCloud repository


Debian 12 repositories don’t natively include ownCloud. Despite this, ownCloud maintains a repository for each Linux distribution. 


While there isn’t a specific repo for Debian 12 at the moment, we can utilize the Debian 11 repo. Follow the installation steps below:

echo \
'deb /' \
> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/isv:ownCloud:server:10.list


Now install ownCloud repository signing key:

curl -fsSL \ \
| gpg --dearmor > /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/isv_ownCloud_server_10.gpg


Once more, synchronize system packages to ensure they are updated to the latest versions:

apt update

Install ownCloud 


Run the following command to install the ownCloud:

apt install owncloud-complete-files -y
Configure apache for ownCloud:
Upon installation, ownCloud situates its web files within the /var/www/owncloud directory.
Upon installation, ownCloud situates its web files within the /var/www/owncloud directory.
ls -1 /var/www/owncloud
To set up Apache for serving ownCloud content, establish an ownCloud Apache configuration file. Within this file, specify the ownCloud directory as the root directory.


Paste the command provided to generate the owncloud.conf configuration file:

cat > /etc/apache2/sites-available/owncloud.conf << 'EOL'
Alias / "/var/www/owncloud/"
<Directory /var/www/owncloud/>
  Options +FollowSymlinks
  AllowOverride All
 <IfModule mod_dav.c>
  Dav off
 SetEnv HOME /var/www/owncloud
 SetEnv HTTP_HOME /var/www/owncloud

Check the syntax of the Apache configuration for accuracy. Confirm that the output indicates Syntax OK :

apachectl -t
Enable ownCloud site by running the following command:
a2ensite owncloud.conf
Deactivate the default Apache site and activate essential additional Apache modules for improved functionality and security:
a2dissite 000-default.conf
a2enmod rewrite mime unique_id php7.4
Update ownership for the ownCloud root directory and restart apache if the configuration is fine:


chown -R www-data: /var/www/owncloud
systemctl restart apache2



Create ownCloud Database and User

Execute the provided command to run a script that removes test databases, disables remote root login, and more:
Access the MariaDB database server, then establish the ownCloud database along with a dedicated database user by running the following command:
If you already enabled password authentication, then login via:
mysql -u root -p
Run the following commands to establish the ownCloud database and database user:
create database ownclouddb;
grant all on ownclouddb.* to ocadmin@localhost identified by "password";
flush privileges;



Access ownCloud Web Console


Access it through your browser using the following address: http://server-IP 


Configure the ownCloud admin credentials, set a password, and specify the ownCloud data directory /var/www/owncloud/data

ownCloud Installation


Configure the database connection details as previously established and click on Finish Setup.


ownCloud installation


After the configuration is finished, you’ll be directed to the login page. Input your admin user credentials to access the ownCloud dashboard.


ownCloud Installation



Access and share files, calendars, contacts, email, and more seamlessly across all platforms with OwnCloud.

ownCloud Installation

In a nutshell, diving into the OwnCloud experience on Debian 12 not only simplifies file management but also adds a dash of user-friendly magic to your digital world, Thanks for reading!

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